History of Doce Pares
Doce Pares was founded on January 11, 1932 by a small group of Eskrima Masters
spearheaded by Eulogio Cañete, Lorenzo Saavedra and Teodoro Saavedra.
Twelve of them originally conceptualized it but shortly after its inauguration on January 21 that year, the membership rose to twenty four.
Eulogio Cañete and Teodoro Saavedra were elected as President and Vice President respectively.
The name Doce Pares was adopted in reference to the famous twelve bodyguards
of Emperor Charlemagne of France (AD 768-814). These twelve people all top swordsmen were known to have fought and killed hundreds of enemies in battles. Doce Pares which means "Twelve pairs" in spanish, was meant also to honour the twelve people who originally planned to form the orgnization, and when the membership rose to twenty four at the time of the inauguration, it indeed became more significantly fitting.
Eulogio Cañete held on the presidency of Doce Pares until his death in June, 1988. His second
eldest son Eulogio, jr. succeeded him as president up to the present. his youngest son,
Grandmaster Diony is the Executive Director and Chairman of Doce Pares Council of Masters.
(None of the founding members are alive today, the last one GM Felimon Cañete died in 1995 at 91 years of age).
Subsequently, the organization became Doce Pares, Incorporated when it was registered as non-stock, non-profit corporation with the Securities and Exchange Commission which issued
certificate of registration no. 1373.
Courtesy of www.doceparesinternational.com
For many years and even up to the present people are still confused about the real Doce Pares system. This is understandable because while the system is a conglomeration of various styles as introduced by the founding masters in 1932, there are many instructors and masters today who only teach a specific style of any one of the original masters.
All the founding masters had their own set of followers and the students who chose not to study and cross-train in other styles naturally learned only the particular style of his own teacher.
Doce Pares was a virtual supermarket of Eskrima styles, hence, there's the Larga Mano of Eulogio Cañete; the Espada y Daga of Felimon Cañete and Jesus Cui; the Corto Linear of Teodoro Saavedra and later on of Venancio Bacon, Delfin Lopez and Timoteo Maranga; the Corto Orihinal and Media Largo of Felimon and Iluminado Cañete; the Hirada and Retirada of Vicente Carin and Ponciano Ybañez; the Mano-Mano and Baraw of Maximo Cañete and Jesus Cui; the Corto Kurbada and Abaniko of Ciriaco and Felimon Cañete respectively.
Thus there are many masters today who only teach and promote one particular style and yet can validly claim to belong to Doce Pares family.
It was in early 1970, Diony was commissioned by his father Eulogio Cañete, the President of Doce Pares to study, prepare and formulate a program of instruction that would cover and comprehend all the component styles.
The specific objective was to come up with a training curriculum that would give equal treatment and prominence to all the original styles and by all means to afford due honors and recognition to all the founding advocates.
Hence the birth of the "Multi-Style" system, which very much set well with Grandmaster Diony as he and his three elder brothers were among the very few who were fortunate to have learned all the original styles as brought into and introduced by the founding masters when
Doce Pares was formed in 1932.
The components of the "Multi-Style" system.
The components styles of the "Multi-Style" are:
All the three styles of Corto (Close Range);
Corto Linear (the traditional linear striking or a blade oriented type of striking)
Corto Kurbada (the wrist-twisting or snap-wrist, curving strike)
Corto Orihinal (featuring low, deep bent knee and wide stance which highly characterized the original Doce Pares close range style)
Media Largo (Medium Range)
Larga Mano (Long Range)
Espada y Daga (Short & Long Stick or Stick Dagger)
Baraw (Knife Fighting Techniques)
Mano-Mano (Open Hand Fighting)
Sumbag-Patid (Punch and Kick)
Lubag-Torsi (Locks and Immobilization)
Layog-Dumog (Takedown and Grappling)
Doble Olisi (Double Stick)
a. Eskrido (A mixture of Eskrima and Judo)
c. Tapi-Tapi (Alive Hand)
d. Sayaw/Karanza (Forms)
Courtesy of www.doceparesinternational.com
G.F.M.A been the original headquarters of Guba Doce Pares Original Multi-style system in Scotland since the club's Chief Instructor Brian Simpson started teaching the system in 1997. Brian has been involved in the Filipino Martial Arts since 1986.
Doce Pares is one of the oldest and largest Eskrima (also known as Kali/Arnis) clubs in the world and the system uses various combinations of Stick, Knife and Empty Hands including single and double stick, stick and knife, knife technique, Locks & Immobilisation and Grappling. The empty hand component of the system includes Boxing, Kicking, Knees and Elbows as well as headbutting, limb destruction and other dirty tactics as it is based around street fighting and not competition fighting.Sayaw- (Warrior Dance) Forms are a major part of the full Multi Style System taught as they develop all aspects of attacking and defensive movements of the escrimador.
We are visited throughout the year by the second highest ranking Doce Pares instructor in the world,Supreme Grandmaster Danny Guba for seminars and gradings which take place on weekends.
Equipment would be provided at first but students would be expected to purchase their own after a while. This would be arranged through us.
Males and Females aged 14+ are welcome!!!
Eskrima training always begins with the use of the single stick. The strong hand wields a stick (approximately 30" in length and 3/4" in diameter, usually made of rattan) and serves as the primary offense. The empty hand is used mainly for defense, focusing on controlling the opponent's weapon hand. Most (but not all) of these techniques are similar to "espada" (sword) techniques. Twirling techniques ("amarra") are taught to develop wrist strength and coordination, which facilitates the ability to generate power and re-angle the wrist evasively at short range.
Solo olisi techniques are practiced in long ("largo"), medium ("medya") and short ("corto") ranges. The largo range (also referred to as "largo mano" range) is characterized by evasive footwork and angling, fast continuous strikes to the opponent's weapon hand. The medya range (also refeered to as "sumbrada" range) utilizes sophisticated checking of the opponent's weapon hand wth simultaneous counterattacking. "Tapi Tapi", the highly sophisticated system of trapping and checking is taught to develop these skills. The corto range (also referred to as "hubad" range) emphasizes curving attacks and continuous re-angling of the strikes around the opponent's defense.
One of the most fundamental solo olisi drills is the abesedario, a comprehensive defense/counter-strike drill, the seven levels of which are designed to develop movement, angling, checking and countering in each of the three ranges. A variety of disarming techniques are also studied.
Both hands wield a stick. The sticks are used for a combination of offense and defense. The long range is the most frequently used range in this type of fighting because of the variety of checking techniques available in that range. A wide variety of striking and twirling techniques is taught to develop power and coordination. Several drills with partner are also taght to develop these assets, known as "pinky-pinky" or "siniwali". The skills acquired through double stick training also come into play in other types of fighting such as empty hand striking ("mano mano"), combinations of solo olisi striking and checking and stick and knife ("espada y daga").
Espada y daga (also known as "punta y daga" or "olisi y bara") is one of the most complicated and sophisticated parts of Eskrima. The strong hand wields a stick or long blade and serves as the primary offense. The weak hand holds the knife and is used for both offense (thrusting and sliding) and defense (blocking, checking and locking).
Training starts with drills teaching coordination of the two weapons in striking and checking patterns. After that footwork and body angling are added. Drills then progress to those involving multiple attacks (usually the long weapon followed by the short weapon). Basic defenses are followed by transitions to the outside, that way avoiding remaining between the opponent's weapons. Finally the complicated espada y daga locks and takedowns are added.
It is said that in the Fillipino martial arts the weapon is mainly a substitute for the empty hand. Many techniques remain practically the same with or without a weapon being used. Many empty hand techniques come from espada y daga. Many parts of the body can serve as a weapon so empty hand fighting involves punching, kicking, elbows, knees, headbutts etc. Locks and throws are also applied.
Doce Pares Mano Mano contains a special tapi tapi-drill called kaw-it. This involves trapping and checking the opponent's attacking hand with only a few fingers or even one finger and simultaneously counter-attacking. These controling techniques can be applied in armed or unarmed fighting and are also used to break the opponent's rhythm.
Knife fighting is strongly developed in the Filippino martial arts and a great variety of styles can be found. This has a logical explanation. Eskrima was originally developed on the battlefield and contains some very realistic aspects because of that. Hence the highly developed knife fighting because it is always safer to use a weapon in one's defense when a fight occurs unexpectedly. Even if that weapon is a knife.
The training starts with defense techniques against different knife attacks. Many blocking and defense techniques are taught in four ways: single, double and multiple sliding and slicing. Counterattacks are performed simultaneously. More elaborate defence techniques contain locks, disarms and checking and re-directing the opponent's weapon.
The advanced training consists of knife-to-knife techniques taught through a variety of drills containing practical offense, defense and counter techniques in different combinations with continuous checking and re-directing of the opponent's weapon hand.
Sayaw are a major part of the Guba Doce Pares system and consists of attacking,defensive and countrstriking moves that fully enhance the development of all escrimadors.Sayaw also develops the reflexes and skill of the escrimador especially against multiple attackers.
Grappling is also an important part of Eskrima training and is called Dumog. A variety of locks, throws and submission holds are taught that can be applied both with or without a weapon. In the traditional Filipino martial arts grappling wasn't as developed as it is today because knives were very often used. In those cases the fight ususally didn't continue on the ground for obvious reasons. Nowadays this has changed and dumog is a highly developed and sophisticated part of eskrima training.
GUBA DOCE PARES
G.M. Brian Simpson.
Guro Peter McHugh.